GINETEX Switzerland
The National Association For Textile Care Labelling

Table of textile fibres

Number Fibre name Description
1 wool fibre from sheep's or lamb' fleeces (Ovis aries)
2 alpaca, llama, camel, cashmere, mohair, angora, cashgora, vicuna, yak, guanaco, beaver, otter, followed or not by the name "wool" or "hair" hair of the following animals: alpaca, Ilama, camel, kashmir goat, angora goat, angora rabbit, vicuna, yak, guanaco, beaver, otter
3 animal or horsehair, with or without an indication of the kind of animal (e.g. cattle hair, common goat hair, horsehair) hair or the various animals not mentionend under 1 or 2
4 silk fibre obtained exclusively from silk-secreting insects
5 cotton fibre obtained from the balls of the cotton plant (Gossypium)
6 kapok fibre obtained from the inside of the kapok fruit (Ceiba pentandra)
7 Flax fibre obtained from the bast of the flax plant (Linum usitatissimum)
8 true hemp fibre obtained from the bast of hemp (Cannabis sativa)
9 jute fibre obtained from the bast of Corchorus olitorius and Corchorus capsularis. For the purposes of this Directive, bast fibres obtained from the following species shall be treated in the same way as jute: Hibiscus cannabinus, Hibiscus sabdariffa, Abultilon avicennae, Urena lobata, Urena sinuata
10 abaca (Manila hemp) fibre obtained from the sheathing leaf of Musa textilies
11 alfa fibre obtained from the leaves of Stipa tenacissima
12 coir (coconut) fibre obtained from the fruit of Cocos nucifera
13 broom fibre obtained from the bast of Cytisus scoparius and/or Spartium Junceum
14 ramie fibre obtained from the bast of Boehmeria nivea and Boehmeria tenacissima
15 sisal fibre obtained from the leaves of agave sisalana
16 Sunn fibre from the bast of Crotalaria juncea
17 Henequen fibre from the bast of Agave Fourcroydes
18 Maguey fibre from the bast of Agave Cantala
19 acetate cellulose acetate fibre wherein less than 92% but at least 74% of the hydroxyl groups are acetylated
20 alginate fibre obtained from meatallic salts of alginic acid
21 cupro (cuprammonium rayon) regenerated cellulose fibre obtained by the cuprammonium process
22 modal A regenerated cellulose fibre obtained by a modified viscose process having a high breaking force and high wet modulus. The breaking force ( BC ) in the conditioned state and the force ( BM ) required to produce an elongation of 5% in the wet state are:
BC (CN) >= 1.3 T(1/2) + 2T
BM (CN) >= 0.5 T(1/2)
where T is the mean linear density in decitex
23 protein fibre obtained from natural protein substances regenerated and stabilized through the action of chemical agents
24 triacetate cellulose acetate fibre wherein at least 92% of the hydroxyl groups are acetylated
25 viscose regenerated cellulose fibre obtained by the viscose process for filament and discontinuous fibre
26 acrylic fibre formed of linear macromolecules comprising at least 85% (by mass) in the chain of the acrylonitrilic pattern
27 chlorofibre fibre formed of linear macromolecules having in their chain more than 50% by mass of chlorinated vinyl or chlorinated vinylidene monomeric units
28 fluorofibre fibre formed of linear macromolecules made from fluorocarbon aliphatic monomers
29 modacrylic fibre formed of linear macromolecules having in the chain more than 50% and less than 85% (by mass) of the acrylonitrilic pattern
30 polyamide or nylon fibre formed of linear macromolecules having in the chain the recurring amide functional group
31 aramid fibre formed from synthetic linear macromolecules made up of aromatic groups joined by amide or imide linkages, of which at least 85% are joined directly to two aromatic rings and with the number of imide linkages, if the latter are present, not exceeding the number of amide linkages
32 polyimide fibre formed from synthetic linear macromolecules having in the chain recurring imide units
33 lyocell a regenerated cellulose fibre obtained by dissolution, and an organic solvent spinning process, without formation of derivatives. It is understood that an "organic solvent" means essentially a mixture of organic chemicals and water
34 polylactide fibre formed of linear macromolecules having in the chain at least 85% (by mass) of lactic acid ester units derived from naturally occuring sugars, and which has a melting temperature of at least 135°C
35 polyester fibre formed of linear macromolecules comprising at least 85% (by mass) in the chain of an ester of a diol and terephthalic acid
36 polyethylene fibre formed of un-substituted aliphatic saturated hydrocarbon linear macromolecules
37 polypropylene fibre formed of an aliphatic saturated hydrocarbon linear macromolecule where one carbon atom in two carries a methyl side chain in an isotactic disposition and without further substitution
38 polycarbamide fibre formed of linear macromolecules having in the chain the recurring ureylene (NH–CO–NH) functional group
39 polyurethane fibre formed of linear macromolecules composed of chains with the recurring urethane functional group
40 vinylal fibre formed of linear macromolecules whose chain is constituted by poly (vinyl alcohol) with differing levels of acetalization
41 trivinyl fibre formed of acrylonitrile terpolymer, a chlorinated vinyl monomer and a third vinyl monomer, none of which represents as much as 50% of the total mass
42 elastodiene elastofibre composed of natural or synthetic polyisoprene, or composed of one or more dienes polymerized with or without one or more vinyl monomers, and which, when stretched to three times its original length and released, recovers rapidly and substantially to its initial length
43 elastane elastofibre composed of at least 85% (by mass) of a segmented polyurethane, and which, when stretched to three times its original lenght and released, recovers rapidly and substantially to its initial length
44 glass fibre fibre made of glass
45 elastomultiester fibre formed by interaction of two or more chemically distinct linear macromolecules in two or more distinct phases (of which none exceeds 85 % by mass) which contains ester groups as dominant functional unit (at least 85 %) and which, after suitable treatment when stretched to one and half times its original length and released, recovers rapidly and substantially to its initial length
46 Elastolefin fibre composed of at least 95 % (by mass) of macromolecules partially cross-linked, made up from ethylene and at least one other olefin and which, when stretched to one and a half times its original length and released, recovers rapidly and substantially to its initial length
47 Melamine fibre formed of at least 85 % by mass of cross-linked macromolecules made up of melamine derivatives
48 name corresponding to the material of which the fibres are composed, e.g. metal (metallic, metallized), asbestos, paper, followed or not by the word "yarn" or "fibre" fibres obtained from miscellaneous or new materials not listed above
49 Polypropylene/polyamide bicomponent a bicomponent fibre composed of between 10 % and 25 % by mass of polyamide fibrils embedded in polypropylene matrix